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How to send the jobs to background in unix

There are two ways for sending the jobs to background in unix.
  1. With usage of Ampersand ( &)
  2. With CtrlZ + bg command
Advantages :

If a particular job is sent to background, another job can be executed on the terminal. No need to wait for the completion of previous job. 

Usage is simple, typing bg will send the currently running job to the background, bg followed by process ID will send the job with specified process ID.


bg [Process ID]

bgIt will send the latest running job to background
bg 1009It will send the job with process ID 1009 to the background
bg 1006 254 78947 380Multiple jobs with process IDs 1006 254 78947 and 380 are being sent to the background

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eLitmus pH test for freshers

eLitmus has became more famous in conducting pH test for the fresh graduates in India. They will evaluate candidates across India and to provide a standard benchmark against which companies can compare them.

Who can apply

Candidates having/pursuing a degree in BE/B.Tech, MCA, ME/M.Tech or M.Sc(CS/IT) can apply for the pH test.

Companies recruiting from pH test

List of companies

Look at test centers

Check the upcoming pH tests

Look at the testimonials

Read what the candidates appeared for this exam says about eLitmus.

Test Pattern

Test duration : 2 hours
No of questions : 60

It will be asked from 3 categories,


20 : Problem solving
20 : Verbal ( You need to read the paragraph and answer the questions )
20 : Quantitative ( Data interpretation )

Four options will be provided for each question. Test will be conducted online.

Payment methods

Fresh graduates appearing for the test has to pay Rs 920/- as a test fee.

They can pay online or send a DD or in cash at Bangalore eLitmus office.

By Online: If y…